THE HIGHWAY THAT GOES TO SEA
The Overseas Highway, sometimes called "the Highway that Goes
to Sea," is a modern wonder. It is the "magic carpet" by which visitors
from Florida's mainland can cross countless coral and limestone islets through that
special world of the Florida Keys.
The highway - the southernmost leg of U.S. 1 - follows a trail originally blazed in
1912 when Henry Flagler extended his Florida East Coast Railroad from Miami to Key West.
The railroad ceased operations on Miami-Key West link in 1935, following extensive damage
to the roadbed by severe winds and erosion and the economic decline caused by the
Construction of the Overseas Highway was an incredible engineering feat. A total of 113
miles of roadway and 42 overseas bridges, leapfrogging form key to key in a series of
giant arches of concrete and steel, were constructed. In 1982, 37 bridges were replaced
with wider, heavier spans, including the well-known Seven Mile Bridge at Marathon.
The highway was begun in the late 1930s. Its foundation utilizes
some of the original spans as well as the coral bedrock of individual keys and specially
constructed columns. First completed in 1938, it marked the beginning of an equally
incredible adventure for the ubiquitous North American motorist. The Florida Keys - which
now host more than three million visitors annually - became an easily accessible tourist
destination by car and bus.
Today, private autos, rental cars and interstate buses transport thousands of visitors
daily over a highway that was upgraded to the tune of $185 million.
And what do these visitors see? Seascapes as colorful as any artist's palette, colors
of shimmering sea from turquoise to blue to deep green landscapes of rustling pine,
swaying palms, silver button wood and water-rooted mangrove, all vying for life under a
horizon-to-horizon blue sky dotted with fleecy white clouds.
Beneath the tropical, cloud-flecked skies of the Florida Keys, today's fishing and
boating enthusiasts share the land and sea with the complex habitat of birds - great white
herons, roseate spoonbills, ospreys and, at the water's edge, wheeling gulls and swooping
pelicans and cormorants bobbing like corks to feed on fish. From the older bridges where
fishing is permitted, the human population drop lines to compete for the bounty of the
sea. Sometimes the catch is shared with the winged anglers.
The "new" highway may be traversed in fewer than four hours from Miami, but
for the sake of enjoyment more time should be allotted. For here, tucked beneath Florida's
mainland, lies an ever-changing, challenging world of seas and lost wilderness that should
be savored in the recreational areas set aside along the fabulous roadway.
Take time for the dramatic sunsets. When the giant red ball of the sun plummets into
the blue of the sea, as it often does in the tropics, it sends radiant pink, orange and
purple-blue fingers across the evening sky. The sunrises, too, are spectacular enough to
arrest a camera's eye, as the ever-growing glow spreads beams of glistening light over the